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CPT Codes for COVID-19 Vaccine and Immunizations


Article-CPT-Codes-for-COVID-19-Vaccine-and-Immunizations

New Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) codes have been created that streamline the reporting of immunizations for the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19). The new coding structure establishes a range of codes, starting with code 91300, that are specific to COVID-19 vaccine products, which will be effective upon receiving the Emergency Use Authorization or approval from the FDA. Once the FDA status changes to approved, the ~ symbol will be removed from the codes. 

In addition, a request to track both the specific vaccine and the particular dose of the respective vaccine a patient receives has resulted in the creation of a new series of alphanumeric vaccine administration codes (0001A, 0002A, 0011A, 0012A). The administration codes for COVID-19 vaccines include vaccine risk/benefit counseling, when performed. Because the federal government will be responsible for initially purchasing and distributing the vaccines to health care entities across the country, the administration codes will be vital in specifying which dose (e.g., first dose or second dose) of a specific COVID-19 vaccine was administered.

 

Vaccine Code

Vaccine Administration Code(s)

91300

0001A (1st dose)

0002A (2nd dose)

 

91301

0011A (1st dose)

0012A (2nd dose)

 

~ 91300

  • Code Description: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (Coronavirus disease [COVID-19]) vaccine, mRNA-LNP, spike protein, preservative free, 30 mcg/0.3mL dosage, diluent reconstituted, for intramuscular use. 
  • Description of Procedure: The physician or other qualified health care professional (QHP) determines that the Pfizer SARS-CoV-2 vaccine is appropriate for this patient and dispenses the vaccine according to the dose scheduled in the administration code for the Pfizer SARS-CoV-2 vaccine.
  • Clinical Example: A 33-year-old individual seeks immunization against SARS-CoV-2 to decrease the risk of contracting this disease, consistent with evidence-supported guidelines. The individual is offered and accepts an intramuscular injection of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine for this purpose.

~ 0001A

  • Code Description: Immunization administration by intramuscular injection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (Coronavirus disease [COVID-19]) vaccine, mRNA-LNP, spike protein, preservative free, 30 mcg/0.3mL dosage, diluent reconstituted; first dose.
  • Description of Procedure: The physician or other QHP reviews the patient’s chart to confirm that vaccination to decrease the risk of COVID-19 is indicated. Counsel the patient on the benefits and risks of vaccination to decrease the risk of COVID-19 and obtain consent. Administer the first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine by intramuscular injection in the upper arm. Monitor the patient for any adverse reaction. Update the patient’s immunization record (and registry when applicable) to reflect the vaccine administered.
  • Clinical Example: A 33-year-old individual seeks immunization against SARS-CoV-2 to decrease the risk of contracting this disease, consistent with evidence-supported guidelines. The individual is offered and accepts an intramuscular injection of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine for this purpose.

~ 0002A

  • Code Description: Immunization administration by intramuscular injection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (Coronavirus disease [COVID-19]) vaccine, mRNA-LNP, spike protein, preservative free, 30 mcg/0.3mL dosage, diluent reconstituted; second dose.
  • Description of Procedure: The physician or other QHP reviews the patient’s chart to confirm that vaccination to decrease the risk of COVID-19 is indicated. Counsel the patient on  the benefits and risks of vaccination to decrease the risk of COVID-19 and obtain consent. Administer the second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine by intra- muscular injection in the upper arm. Monitor the patient for any adverse reaction. Update the patient’s immunization record (and registry when applicable) to reflect the vaccine administered.
  • Clinical Example: A 33-year-old individual seeks immunization against SARS-CoV-2 to decrease the risk of contracting this disease, consistent with evidence-supported guidelines. The individual is offered and accepts an intramuscular injection of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine for this purpose.

~ 91301

  • Code Description: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (Coronavirus disease [COVID-19]) vaccine, mRNA-LNP, spike protein, preservative free, 100 mcg/0.5mL dosage, for intramuscular use.
  • Description of Procedure: The physician or other QHP determines that the Moderna SARS-CoV-2 vaccine is appropriate for this patient and dispenses the vaccine according to the dose scheduled in the administration code for the Moderna SARS-CoV-2 vaccine.
  • Clinical Example: A 33-year-old individual seeks immunization against SARS-CoV-2 to decrease the risk of contracting this disease, consistent with evidence-supported guidelines. The individual is offered and accepts an intramuscular injection of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine for this purpose.

~ 0011A

  • Code Description: Immunization administration by intramuscular injection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (Coronavirus disease [COVID-19]) vaccine, mRNA-LNP, spike protein, preservative free, 100 mcg/0.5mL dosage; first dose.
  • Description of Procedure: The physician or other QHP reviews the patient’s chart to confirm that vaccination to decrease the risk of COVID-19 is indicated. Counsel the patient on the benefits and risks of vaccination to decrease the risk of COVID-19 and obtain consent. Administer the first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine by intramuscular injection in the upper arm. Monitor the patient for any adverse reaction. Update the patient’s immunization record (and registry when applicable) to reflect the vaccine administered.
  • Clinical Example: A 33-year-old individual seeks immunization against SARS-CoV-2 to decrease the risk of contracting this disease, consistent with evidence-supported guidelines. The individual is offered and accepts an intramuscular injection of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine for this purpose.

~ 0012A

  • Code Description: Immunization administration by intramuscular injection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (Coronavirus disease [COVID-19]) vaccine, mRNA-LNP, spike protein, preservative free, 100 mcg/0.5mL dosage; second dose.
  • Description of Procedure: The physician or other QHP reviews the patient’s chart to confirm that vaccination to decrease the risk of COVID-19 is indicated. Counsel the patient on the benefits and risks of vaccination to decrease the risk of COVID-19 and obtain consent. Administer the second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine by intra- muscular injection in the upper arm. Monitor the patient for any adverse reaction. Update the patient’s immunization record (and registry when applicable) to reflect the vaccine administered.
  • Clinical Example: A 33-year-old individual seeks immunization against SARS-CoV-2 to decrease the risk of contracting this disease, consistent with evidence-supported guidelines. The individual is offered and accepts an intramuscular injection of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine for this purpose.

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Reference:

US Department of Health & Human Services. Fact Sheet: Explaining Operation Warp Speed. Content last reviewed on October 28, 2020. https://www.hhs.gov/coronavirus/explaining-operation-warp-speed/index.html. Accessed October 30, 2020.

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