What is invasive, Non-invasive, and Interventional cardiology?

Cardiology is a section of medicine where cardiologists are involved in the study, diagnosis, and care of the cardiovascular system. The heart’s function doesn’t have many features so cardiologist has to consider some variables when identifying what goes wrong with a patients’ heart. Some variables are as follows hear, arteries, or blood vessels.

A healthy heart is very important to a long and healthy lifestyle. There are many things that may go wrong with the heart, and sometimes the symptoms are not always obvious. As a cardiologist who has a specialization in diagnosis the problems can identify problems with the heart and surrounding arteries.

The cardiology branch has three main types:

  • Invasive
  • Non-invasive
  • Interventional

Your cardiologist may use one or a combination of techniques to identify and treat your heart condition.

Invasive Cardiology

Invasive cardiology uses open or minimally-invasive surgery to find or provide structural treatment or electrical abnormalities within the heart structure.

Types of invasive cardiology:


If plaque clogs in the patient’s arteries, it becomes blood to flow normally. In an angioplasty cardiologist inserts a tiny balloon into patient’s clogged vein and pushes the plaque against the walls, allowing for increased blood flow.


Stenting is usually carried out in conjunction with angioplasty. A cardiac stent is used to treat narrowed coronary arteries. Stents can also be used to improve blood flow immediately following a heart attack. A cardiac stent is a small metal coil that permanently holds a clogged vein open.

Non-invasive cardiology identifies heart problems without using any needles, fluids, or other instruments which are inserted into the body.

Non-invasive Cardiology

Non-invasive cardiology identifies heart problems without using any needles, fluids, or other instruments which are injected into the body.

Non-invasive cardiologists utilize below listed techniques:

Nuclear cardiology

A non-invasive study of cardiovascular disorders by means of various types of imaging which may use radioactive elements.


The usage of ultrasound waves to create images of the heart and surrounding structures in order to identify how well the heart pumps blood, infections, and structural abnormalities.

Cardiac electrophysiology

Study and testing of the electrical currents which generate heartbeats.

Stress tests

Stress testing usually involves exercise which is monitored by your cardiologist. These exercises provide your cardiologist with information about how your heart performs under physical stress.

Heart monitors

Heart monitors may also be called a Holter monitor or cardiac event recorder. Heart monitors are essentially tape recorders for your heart’s electrical activity over a set amount of time.

CT scans

CT scans produce images that your cardiologist can examine for heart disease and atherosclerosis.

Cardiologists identify risk factors or existing conditions of the heart using these techniques. On the basis of findings, cardiologist may recommend to patients about medication and lifestyle changes to improve their heart’s health.

Interventional Cardiology

Interventional cardiology is again a non-surgical option for cardiologists. By using this option a catheter – a small, flexible tube – to repair damaged or weakened vessels, narrowed arteries, or other affected parts of the heart structure.

Conditions can be treated by interventional cardiology:

Coronary artery disease

A narrowing of the arteries which supply the heart muscle with blood and oxygen.

Heart valve disease

This occurs when the valves which control blood flow into the heart’s chambers are not working correctly.

Peripheral vascular disease

Your heart can also be affected by clogged or hardened veins and arteries which are in other parts of your body.

About Medical Billers and Coders (MBC)

Medical Billers and Coders (MBC) staff is well trained in Cardiology Billing. MBC is catering to more than 40 specialties, MBC is proficient in handling services that range from revenue cycle management to ICD-10 testing solutions. The main goal of our organization is to assist physicians looking for billers and coders, at the same time help billing specialists looking for jobs, reach the right place.

Published By - Medical Billers and Coders
Published Date - Sep-03-2020 Back

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