Definition of Assistant at Surgery
An assistant at surgery is a provider who actively assists the physician in charge of a case in performing a surgical procedure. A physician, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, or clinical nurse specialist who is authorized to provide such services under state law can serve as an assistant at surgery.
Medicare considers advanced registered nurse practitioners (ARNP), physician assistants (PA), and clinical nurse specialists (CNS) as non-physician practitioners. Medicare does not recognize a registered nurse first assistant (RNFA) as a qualified Medicare provider.
Assistant at Surgery Modifiers
To report services of an assistant surgeon, the following surgical modifiers should be appended:
- Modifier 80: This modifier pertains to physician’s services only. A physician’s surgical assistant services may be identified by adding the modifier 80 to the usual procedure code. This modifier describes an assistant surgeon providing full assistance to the primary surgeon, and is not intended for use by non-physician providers.
- Modifier 81: This modifier pertains to physician’s services only. Minimal surgical assistance may be identified by adding the modifier 81 to the usual procedure code and describes an assistant surgeon providing minimal assistance to the primary surgeon. This modifier is not intended for use by non-physician providers. Please note that this modifier is used in the private insurance industry and is not commonly used in Medicare billing.
- Modifier 82: Assistant surgeon (when a qualified resident surgeon is not available in a teaching facility): This modifier applies to physician’s services only. The unavailability of a qualified resident surgeon is a prerequisite for use of this modifier and the service must have been performed in a teaching facility. The circumstance explaining that a resident surgeon was not available must be documented in the medical record. This modifier is not intended for use by non-physician providers.
- Modifier AS (Non-physician provider as an assistant at surgery): This modifier applies when the assistant at surgery services is provided by a PA, ARNP, or CNS.
Accurately Using Assistant at Surgery Modifiers
- Medicare reimburses services rendered for assistant at the surgery by a physician performing as a surgical assistant at 16 percent of the MPFS amount. Services rendered for assistant at the surgery by non-physician providers are reimbursed at 85 percent of 16 percent (i.e., 13.6 percent) of the MPFS amount.
- When reporting services provided by non-physician practitioners acting as assistants at surgery, append modifier AS to the procedure code used to report the surgeon’s service.
- If a physician appends modifier AS to procedure codes for which he/she acted as assistant at surgery, these codes will be denied (see above for modifiers that should be used by physicians).
- Medicare physician fee schedule database (MPFSDB) assistant at surgery payment indicators
- The MPFSDB is a file layout that carriers and A/B Medicare administrative contractors use to display the total fee schedule amount, related component parts, and payment policy indicators. The assistant at surgery payment indicator describes when an assistant at surgery may be paid or not. Valid indicators are:
- 0: Payment restriction for assistants at surgery applies to this procedure unless supporting documentation is submitted to establish medical necessity.
- 1: Statutory payment restriction for assistants at surgery applies to this procedure. Assistant at surgery may not be paid.
- 2: Payment restriction for assistants at surgery does not apply to this procedure. Assistant at surgery may be paid.
- 9: Concept does not apply.
- If multiple services are submitted with modifiers indicating assistants at surgery, each service is independently reviewed (based on the above-listed indicators) to determine payment.
Using accurate assistant at surgery modifiers and proper documentation is really crucial for Medicare reimbursements. Not every provider can be on top of their billing and coding as their prime commitment remains towards patients.
In such a case, you can always take assistance from an expert medical billing company like Medical Billers and Coders (MBC). For any assistance in surgical billing and coding, contact us at 888-357-3226/ email@example.com